Deep femoral artery

The deep femoral artery (also known as deep artery of thigh, latin: arteria profunda femoris) is the largest of the deep branches of the femoral artery.

The deep femoral artery arises below the inguinal ligament, it passes posteriorly and descends between the pectineus and adductor longus muscles. Further, the deep femoral artery penetrates the adductor magnus muscle and continues as the third perforating artery.

On its course the deep femoral artery gives off several branches:

  • lateral circumflex femoral artery,
  • medial circumflex artery,
  • descending genicular artery,
  • perforating arteries.

The deep femoral artery supplies blood to the deep structures of the thigh, including the femur.