The splenic artery (also called the lineal artery, Latin: arteria splenica, arteria lienalis) is the largest branch of the coeliac trunk that travels along the superior margin of the pancreas.
The splenic artery travels within the splenorenal ligament, dividing into several branches, which enter the hilum of the spleen.
As the splenic artery passes along the superior border of the pancreas, it gives off small branches to the pancreas, supplying its neck, body, and tail.
Before reaching the spleen, the splenic artery gives rise to short gastric arteries, which pass through the gastrosplenic ligament to supply the fundus of the stomach.
It also gives rise to the left gastro-omental artery (or left gastro-epiploic artery), which travels to the right along the greater curvature of the stomach, and anastomoses with the right gastro-omental artery.